Genotype-based personalized correction of glycemic control in patients with MODY due to mutations in GCK, HNF1A AND HNF4A genes

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Abstract


Aims. To demonstrate the principles of personalized treatment of diabetes for example the most common MODY subtypes (1-3) identified by NGS

Methods. We study 312 patients aged from 3 months to 25 years (162 boy/150 girls) with suspected MODY. A targeted next-generation sequencing approach (IonTorrent platform) was used for sequencing of monogenic form of diabetes mellitus candidate 28genes (13 MODY genes-candidates and other genes, associated with diabetes mellitus). Clinical and biochemicalphenotypes of the patients were compared with the type of mutations. Previously undescribed nonsynonymous mutations were considered as «probably pathogenic» with the minor allele frequency of <0.1% and «pathogenic» assessment in ANNOVAR database.

Results. We selected group of patients with mutations in the most common genes-candidates (GCK; HNF1A; HNF4A):99GCK gene mutations detectedin the 129 probands (61,1%) and 77 relatives, in HNF1A – 20 mutations in the 19 probands(9,0%) and 14 relatives, in HNF4A – 8 mutations in 9the probands (4,3%) and 3 relatives. The current therapy wasmodificated account the genotype and have been evaluated its effectiveness.

Conclusion. Molecular genetic confirmation of the monogenic nature of metabolic carbohydratedisorders is the basis of personalized therapy of diabetes.


Natalia A. Zubkova

Endocrinology research centre

Author for correspondence.
Email: zunata2006@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1346-7545
SPIN-code: 5064-9992

Russian Federation, 11, Dm. Ulyanova street, Moscow, 117036

MD, PhD

Olesya A. Gioeva

Endocrinology research centre

Email: olesyasogma@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9189-4596
SPIN-code: 4994-4126

Russian Federation, 11, Dm. Ulyanova street, Moscow, 117036

MD

Yulia V. Tikhonovich

Endocrinology research centre

Email: yuliatihonovich@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7747-6873
SPIN-code: 6492-6790

Russian Federation, 11, Dm. Ulyanova street, Moscow, 117036

MD, PhD

Vasily M. Petrov

Endocrinology research centre

Email: petrov.vasiliy@gmail.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0520-9132
SPIN-code: 4358-2147

Russian Federation, 11, Dm. Ulyanova street, Moscow, 117036

PhD

Evgeny V. Vasiliev

Endocrinology research centre

Email: vas-evg@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1107-362X
SPIN-code: 5767-1569

Russian Federation, 11, Dm. Ulyanova street, Moscow, 117036

PhD

Anatoliy N. Tyulpakov

Endocrinology research centre

Email: ant@endocrincentr.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8500-4841
SPIN-code: 8396-1798

Russian Federation, 11, Dm. Ulyanova street, Moscow, 117036

MD, PhD

Ivan I. Dedov

Endocrinology research centre

Email: dedov@endocrincentr.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8175-7886
SPIN-code: 5873-2280

Russian Federation, 11, Dm. Ulyanova street, Moscow, 117036

MD, PhD, Professor

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Copyright (c) 2017 Zubkova N.A., Gioeva O.A., Tikhonovich Y.V., Petrov V.M., Vasiliev E.V., Tyulpakov A.N., Dedov I.I.

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